Ayurveda originated as a system of Hindu traditional medicine in the Indian subcontinent. It enunciates three elemental substances, Doshas - Vata, Pitta and Kapha. According to the system, a balance of these doshas ensures health and an imbalance naturally leads to a disease, unbound. Going forward with details of each element; hence explaining the importance of each.
VATA or wind is considered to affect the windy humour, flatulence, gout, rheumatism, etc. there are further five types of Vata dosha :
- Prana Vata - Located in the brain, head, throat, heart and respiratory organs. Hence governing the mind, senses and inhalation.
- Udana Vata - Located in the navel, lungs and throat. Hence responsible for speech, effort, strength and vitality.
- Samana Vata - Located in the stomach and small intestines, directly controlling the peristaltic movement of the digestive system.
- Apana Vata - Located between the navel and the anus. Hence controlling urination, elimination, menstruation , sexual discharges.
- Vyana Vata - Centred in the heart and permeates through the whole body. Direct control of locomotion, heart rhythm and circulation.
PITTA is the bilious humour. The one that's secreted between the stomach. It bowels through the liver and permeates heart, eyes, spleen and skin. It uses bile to direct digestion and hence metabolism, its chief quality being heat.
Pitta is further classified into:
- Pachaka Pitta - Located in the lower stomach and small intestine. Stimulates digestion of food which is broken down into nutrients and waste.
- Ranjaka Pitta - Located in the gallbladder, liver, and spleen. It contributes to the formation of red blood cells. Also Gives colour to blood and stool.
- Alochaka Pitta - Located in the eyes. It has a direct control on visual perception.
- Sadhaka Pitta - Located in the heart. It governs emotions; intelligence, contentment, memory and digestion of thoughts.
- Bharajaka Pitta - Located in the skin, it affects temperature and pigmentation of the skin hence affecting the lustre and complexion.
Third of all, KAPHA , is the body fluid principle that brelates to mucus, carrier of nutrients and the lubrication. There are further 5 types of even Kapha dosha:
- Kledaka Kapha - Located in the upper part of the stomach. In the initial stages of digestion, it stimulates moistening and liquefying of the food.
- Avalambhaka Kapha - Located in the chest, heart and lungs; it helps in lubrication of the lungs and heart. It also provides tremendous strength to the chest, back and heart.
- Tarpaka Kapha - Located in the sinuses, head and cerebrospinal fluid. It automatically governs happiness and stability along with Nourishment of sensory and motororgans.
- Bodhaka Kapha - Located in the tongue, mouth and throat. This is responsible for perception of taste, lubricating and moistening of food.
- Shleshaka Kapha - Located in the joints, helps in lubrication.
Vata is the key to/of all of them. Until the air within the body circulates pitta and kapha from their respective centres, they cannot move. One (or a combination of two) dosha is dominant in a person's body since birth or through prolonged behaviour.